In the previous installment of this two-part series, we looked at common slab settlement danger zones, causes of sinking slabs, and the many risks of neglecting a known trip hazard. This time around we’ll review the two most common non-polyurethane repair options, and then explore the three most common types of polyurethane slab repairs.
Non-Polyurethane Repair Options
Aside from polyurethane repair, you have two other options: replacing the slab or mudjacking it with cement grout. There are drawbacks for both.
Tear Out and Replace
Ripping out a slab and putting in a new one has three main disadvantages. Namely, the process is…
- Environmentally unfriendly (landfill bound?).
- Messy (requiring heavy equipment and possibly damaging the surrounding area).
- Time consuming.
Mudjack with Cement Grout
Mudjacking may be less expensive than replacement, but you are still facing a number of issues.
- It’s still a messy process.
- Cement grout washes out.
- The grout is heavy and can sink over time.
- The grout can crack and shrink over time.
- Not an impermeable water tight solution.
Structural Polyurethane Repair
Polyurethane repair has distinct advantages over replacement and mudjacking.
- Very clean installation process.
- Lighter than cement mudjacking grout and won’t sink over time.
- Will not shrink.
- Closed cell structure makes it water impermeable.
- Typically less expensive than replacement.
- Less time consuming to apply than a mudjacking or replacement solution, and ready for traffic 45 minutes after application.
Trip hazard repair with polyurethane resin can require one or a combination of the following three approaches: lifting, soil stabilization and void fill. Let’s take a close look at all three…
Sunken concrete slabs can be lifted back into place with a-two component structural polymer foam designed to work in wet or dry conditions. The expansion force of the foam coupled with the pressure of a proportioner pump generate enough controlled force to lift virtually any structure back into position within 1/10” of the intended level.
Unstable, eroded, or loose soil below infrastructure can result in settlement, damage to the structure above, and of course – trip hazards. Voids can be filled, soil consolidated, and water migration halted by permeating the soil with one of the ultra low viscosity polymer resins we use for stabilization. Once the bearing capacity of the soil has been increased with this process (soil has been stabilized), then the structure can be lifted with our slab lifting process.
Water erosion beneath slabs can cause voids to form that weaken the structural integrity and allow higher water pressure to develop. Filling these voids with rapidly expanding foam that is designed to react in the presence of water will return integrity to the structure and prevent trip hazards. We use polyurethane resins designed specifically for this type of application.